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Medical Tests to Diagnose Heart Problems

Medical Tests to Diagnose Heart Problems

author Dr. Anurag Sharma | calender December 20, 2019

History of medical diagnoses goes back to olden times, during the days of Hippocrates in ancient Greece.

Since ages diagnoses for illnesses have benefited mankind immensely to record and interpret information for detecting various disorders related to human anatomy. Procedures and tests for heart diseases have also evolved with the intervention of the latest methods and tools in medical science. To determine the type and degree of heart problem, different heart tests are prescribed by our heart specialists in Chandigarh to patients. This blog will thoroughly describe various methods to examine heart disorder.

Different Medical Tests To Detect Heart Problems

A physician may recommend the patient to undergo a blood test, ECG, X-ray or stress test depending upon his or her apprehension for a particular disorder and either condition of the patient. Below is a list of heart tests, apparently required to investigate and detect problems in a patient:

Physical Examination Of Patient

A medical investigation for heart test is never possible unless there is communication between doctor and patient regarding disease history. During an examination, a doctor may ask symptoms and time since the patient is exhibiting those symptoms.

A general picture of a physical examination that comes in everyone's mind, a doctor holding stethoscope while listening to the patient’s heartbeats. After a physical examination, reports of pulse rate, blood pressure and current weight are confirmed before recommending anyone for further diagnosis in suspicion of heart disease. Without incisions and injections, a physical examination is pain-free. So, you shouldn’t be worried!

Blood Test Reports

However, if your doctor is still suspecting you to be suffering from any heart-related disease, he may ask you to get your blood test reports done. During an emergency like heart attack, blood test helps to measure the released substance due to damaged muscle, even though detecting the degree of damage to the heart.

Blood test also reveals the cholesterol level by blood fats and level of vitamin and mineral in our body. These are performed in laboratories and require blood from the patient’s vein. Later, what do you require is to have a brief discussion with a doctor regarding your reports.

X-RAY Examination

Doctor’s investigation can also require one to go through X-RAY tests for your heart test possibilities, to detect all heart diseases, which do not show up in blood test. “If your heart is enlarged” or “if there is congestion in the lungs” the X-ray analysis is quite reliable in detecting such disorders. Whilst tests either you stand in front or lie down under an X-ray machine. Meanwhile, views are taken from the back, front or sides. X-ray tests are carried out in a sensitive radiology lab.

Electrocardiogram (ECG OR EKG)

We are blessed to have equipment like ECG which reads out electrical impulses of our heart. Indeed ECG reveals the conditions like a heart attack in the past, enlarged heart muscle and heart rhythm whether abnormal to diagnose ‘arrhythmias’. The procedure is carried out by placing round plastic discs on the chest of a person and wires from these round electrodes are connected with ECG or EKG machine. All its purpose is to measure the frequency of beats, electrical conduction and heart’s rhythm.

Electrocardiography Or ‘ECHO’

Electrocardiography is a type of ultrasound test and examines heart structure and motion by sound waves. Depicting, “thickness of heart muscle” and checking, “how well does heart pumps”, images are produced by ECHO machine or electrogram.

At the time of procedure, a person is advised to lie without any movement, then a technician passes a device through his chest for capturing pictures of chambers and valves. Ejection fraction is one of the common tests in electrocardiography to assess the condition of your heart. If you fear from pain! Be easy, there aren’t any needles and surgical apparatus involved.

Coronary Angiogram

Probably, required after a heart attack or angina. Heart test called Coronary angiogram detects a degree to which coronary artery is clogged or blocked. For its performance, a catheter, a type of small tube, is inserted in the patient's wrist, arm or groin. Along the way of your coronary artery, it is moved until it reaches your heart. Later, a special fluid called constant medium or dye is injected, after which X-ray is taken. Blockages are detected in X-ray reports. This procedure is also known as cardiac catheterization.

Detection By Magnetic Resonating Imaging (MRI)

MRI is a type of scan performed by special equipment. Meanwhile scanning, one lies on the bed that slides into a long metal tube-like machine. The MRI machine produces a strong magnetic field around your body, and radio waves are directed at the part of the body to be imaged. Though, intensity of radio waves and the magnetic field is harmless. It shows the flow of blood through your heart as well as clears the doctor, whether your heart is damaged by a heart attack or there is lack of blood flow in it.

You may have any of your family members in the MRI scanning room and it is possible to talk with a technician by the microphone when you go through your heart test. Don’t be afraid! Of loud sounds or thumping noises of the machine while scanning, as it is nothing except effort of a machine to carry out your diagnoses.

Exercise Stress Test

You may have a query in your mind, like: How to analyse the condition of your heart when it is working hardest? Mostly, an exercise stress test is an ideal solution to check the condition of your heart in tough conditions. A doctor may ask you to work out on the treadmill, simultaneously you are attached to the ECG machine. It clears various obligations of a doctor, like:

  • Is oxygen supply sufficient to your heart?
  • Is your blood flow normal, when exercising hard?
  • What level of exercise, you can safely do?

Acknowledge everything to your doctor in your medical history, such that trouble in past with:

  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath

Nuclear Stress Test

What if exercise stress test fails! No problem, we have its successful substitute as Nuclear stress test. It is performed to clear the possibility and severity of coronary artery disease.

Even when a patient is diagnosed with coronary artery disease, doctors recommend a nuclear stress test to act as a guide in treatment. This informs the doctor whether ongoing treatment is effective or not. Process for nuclear stress test needs a radioactive die and imaging machine, as the radioactive dye is injected and images of the heart are taken in two sets by imaging machine. First image is taken while you are at rest and the second one after exertion or hard work. After the test, if worrying! About "radioactive substance". Calm down, It naturally leaves your body through urine or stool. A nuclear stress test can be performed alone or with a combination of other tests.

Dr Anurag Sharma - Best Cardiologist In Chandigarh

Dr Anurag Sharma is rated among top-most cardiologists in India, offering comprehensive treatments for various heart disorders. Having all the requirements of level 1 cardiology trauma centre, Dr Anurag Sharma is available with various facilities like ultrasound with high-resolution, X-ray lab, CT scan, and laboratory for diagnosis. Being fully committed to the treatment of every case suffering from cardiology disorder by his intensive and rigorous procedures, he brings a smile on the patient’s face.

Having a good understanding of above-mentioned tests he specializes to do proper diagnosis for comprehensive analysis of patients for their safety. Ojas Hospital under the command of Dr Anurag Sharma is a mark of excellence curing many cardiology patients by surgery and other procedures, over the past.

Patients suffering from coronary artery, arrhythmia, myocardial infarction, heart failure and other heart diseases have been successfully cured by his treatment. If you are facing trouble with any of these problems, drop us a call, Dr. Anurag Sharma, the best cardiologists in India takes the privilege to treat patients suffering from any type of cardiology disorder.