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High Cholesterol

Effects of High Cholesterol on your body - Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

author Dr. Anurag Sharma | calender Feburary 10, 2020

High cholesterol is also known as hypercholesterolemia, which is due to excess cholesterol in your blood. Level of cholesterol increases by rising lipids (hyperlipidemia) and lipoproteins (hyperlipoproteinemia) in your blood.

Cholesterol in the form of lipids is present in all animal cells, which they use to construct their membranes; in fact, it is one of the three major classes of lipids. Plant cells give out cholesterol but in small amounts. Also, cholesterol is a forerunner of the bile acids and steroid hormones. It is transported within protein particles (lipoproteins) in the blood plasma as it is insoluble in water.

LDL Cholesterol is more risk-prone to coronary heart disease and atherosclerosis, whereas HDL-cholesterol is not likely to risk.

Cause of high levels of LDL cholesterol and non-HDL in the blood occurs by your eating habits, genetic diseases like LDL receptor, obesity, or by conditions such as underactive thyroid and type 2 diabetes.

According to Wikipedia, in the United States, just over 13% of people suffering from high cholesterol than 17% in 2000. Further, it says, in the year 2002, about 1.1 % of US adults use to get alternative treatment for cholesterol, whereas, according to previous surveys, 55% preferred alternative therapy in conjunction with conventional medicine.

WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF HIGH CHOLESTEROL?

Many factors can cause trouble for your health by high cholesterol; these include:

POOR EATING HABITS

Consumption of saturated fat, present in animal products, and trans fats, present in some snacks and cookies sold in the market can raise the level of cholesterol in your body. Besides, products like red meat and full-fat dairy products are high in cholesterol and increase your body cholesterol too.

OBESITY

When you have a body mass index (BMI) equal to or greater than 30, then you are living at the risk of high cholesterol level.

LACK OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY OR EXERCISE

By doing exercise, you raise good cholesterol in your body by boosting HDL. Vica-Versa on giving up workout it raises bad cholesterol in your body.

SMOKING

Cigarette smoking is detrimental to give you high cholesterol level by damaging the walls of your blood vessels to accumulate fatty deposits. It can also lower your good cholesterol or HDL.

GROWING AGE

With passing years your body's chemistry changes too to put you into the risk of higher cholesterol climbs. Moreover, the ageing liver becomes less useful to remove LDL cholesterol.

GENETIC FACTORS

Addictive effects of multiple genes and single gene defects like familial hypercholesterolemia can be the reason for high cholesterol. However, genetic conditions like Familial hypercholesterolemia are less common and affects only one in five hundred people.

HIGH BLOOD SUGAR

Diabetes renders an increase in dangerous cholesterol that is also known as very-low-density-lipoprotein(VLDL) and a decrease in cholesterol. Even an increase in blood sugar destroys the lining of your arteries.

OTHER MEDICAL CONDITIONS AND MEDICINES

Medical conditions like dialysis therapy, hypothyroidism, nephrotic syndrome, anorexia nervosa, and Cushing syndrome can increase your cholesterol levels. Many medicines have interference with lipid metabolism. These include ciclosporin, beta-blockers, antipsychotics, glucocorticoids, or retinoic acid. Also, medication for HIV, interferons, and certain anticonvulsants can give you high cholesterol.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF HIGH CHOLESTEROL?

High cholesterol does not have apparent symptoms, but it contributes to risky conditions like high blood pressure, chest pain, angina, or stroke. Besides, for high cholesterol, you may have:

  • Xanthomas on the skin that is soft and yellowish growths or lesions
  • If body mass index(BMI) greater than or equal to 30
  • If having Impotence

WHAT IS THE TREATMENT FOR HIGH CHOLESTEROL?

CHOOSE HEALTHY LIFESTYLE


People with high cholesterol should change their lifestyle by limiting smoking and boozing, maintaining a healthy weight, and exercising regularly. , on average, 1 kilogram of weight loss can lower LDL cholesterol by 0.8 mg/dl.

HEALTHY DIET INTAKE

Having a high proportion of green vegetables, dietary fibre, and fresh fruits can lower the levels of LDL cholesterol in your body. Also, avoiding trans fats and replacing saturated fat with polyunsaturated fat helps reduce blood cholesterol. Further, Including 10 to 20 g per day of soluble fibre and 2 g per day of phytosterols decreases the absorption of dietary cholesterol. A high fructose diet can raise the level of LDL cholesterol in your blood.

MEDICINE

Standard medicine for the treatment of high cholesterol is statins. By adopting a healthy lifestyle, statins can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease by decreasing your cholesterol by about 50%. For more significant benefit, high-intensity statin therapy is ideal. For alternative statins, doctors recommend some other agents like nicotine acid, fibrates, and cholestyramine for treatment. Besides, LDL cholesterol also reduces by injecting antibodies.

WHAT IS THE TREATMENT FOR HIGH CHOLESTEROL?

Dr Anurag Sharma is among the topmost cardiologists in North India who excels in offering the best quality, appropriate, affordable care for the treatment of high cholesterol.

Patients get comprehensive facilities under Dr Anurag Sharma, whether need, acute emergency care, or management of co-morbid severe conditions.

Our doctors, nurses, and technicians are available 24X7 at Ojas hospital to support Dr Anurag Sharma for your treatment.

Dr Anurag Sharma and other available cardiologist specialists guide patients of high cholesterol for possible causes, detection, symptoms, and treatment.

If you are troubled by the condition of high cholesterol, contact us for appropriate treatment at Ojas hospital that is the best heart care hospital.